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Guide to Ansys Mechanical (MAPDL) Simulation in the CAD Compute Cluster

Running Ansys Mechanical APDL 2022 R1 using an LSF Job Scheduler (command line; without GUI)

More information about CMC’s Load Sharing Facility (LSF) job scheduler is provided here.

CMC’s CAD Compute Cluster consists of four login nodes named uwlogin*; eight simulation nodes named uwmhpc*; and two management nodes named uwlsfm*. You can list these nodes using the command lshosts.

Figure 1: The Nodes in the CAD Compute Cluster

When you run a simulation on the Cluster, you will submit your simulation request to an LSF queue. The job scheduler will attempt to assign the hardware (CPU cores and RAM) you want to your simulation run. Use the bqueues command to display queue names.

Figure 2: The Queues in the CAD Compute Cluster

Summary: It is possible to run Mechanical APDL simulations by writing a shell script containing all the commands that are to be given to the software, and then sending the script to the job scheduler.

Here are the steps that have been tested in the Cluster to demonstrate this approach.

Test file:  Ansys ACL ligament example (td-32) included with Ansys software.

  1. Reserve an instance of the virtual CAD Compute Cluster image, and log into the Cluster from within this image.
  2. Use the setsshkey utility under /home/scripts to generate an SSH passcode.
    You only do this once, when you first set up your home directory on the Cluster. For simplicity, do not enter a password and leave the result in the default location. This is usually your home directory on a Cluster login node.

Figure 3: Setting up a Passcode on Each Node in the Cluster

  1. Enter module load ansys/22.1.cadconnect in your terminal window.
  2. Enter module list  to see if the software has been loaded into memory.
  3. Use mpitest to verify message-passing interface (MPI) software function.

Figure 4: Summary of Set-up Commands to run Ansys 2022 R1 

  1. Create a shell file to enter LSF batch submission (bsub) and the Ansys batch commands.
    See Appendix A for an example (my_ansys_shell.sh).
  2. Upload your project file(s) to your working directory.
    Instructions  are provided for using MobaXterm to perform a secure file transfer (sftp) upload.
  3. Upload your shell file to same directory.
    Ensure that the text in your shell file does not contain extraneous Windows editor characters (e.g., a carriage return).
  4. Use bsub < my_ansys_shell.sh command at a prompt to run a simulation.

If you choose Shared Computing (SMP), this will be confined to one node only (e.g., uwmhpc03 or uwmhpc05). The maximum number of cores on any Cluster node is 32.

If you choose Distributed Computing (DMP), this can run across more than one node using Infiniband software running in the Cluster’s backplane. Cluster users are restricted to a maximum of 32 cores to prevent abuse of privileges.

In Ansys 2022, there is a combined SMP+DMP form of simulation called hybrid parallel processing. An additional option -nt in the command line sets this form. See the Parallel Processing Guide for Ansys 2022 to learn about these three implementations.

Use commands such as bjobs and bhosts during simulation runs to monitor simulation progress. For example:

~$ bjobs -l 

… or

~$ bhosts  

Appendix A

Any text after a single # is visible to the LSF Job Scheduler and will be read as a possible command by LSF.

Any command after ## is treated as a comment by both LSF and Ansys.

#!/bin/sh 

## embedded options to bsub – start with #BSUB 

# — Name of the job — 

#BSUB -J ansys_mapdl_example 

# — specify queue — 

#BSUB -q adept 

## — specify the number of processors — 

#BSUB -n 32 

# — Specify the output and error files. %J is the job ID — 

# — -o and -e mean append, –oo and-eo mean overwrite — 

#BSUB –oo acl_%J.out 

#BSUB –eo acl_%J.err 

## 

#!/bin/tcsh 

## — example of ansys command line call — 

## –smp  Shared Memory Ansys 

ansys221 -np 32 –ppf anshpc –smp  -i acl_tension.dat -o output_results.out  

## or for a -dis Distributed Memory simulation: 

## ansys221 -np 32 -dis -ppf anshpc  -i acl_tension.dat -o output_results.out

## or for a hybrid implementation using  maximum of 32 cores

## ansys221 -np 2 -nt 16 -ppf anshpc -i acl_tension.dat -o output_results.out

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